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GitLab CI template for Docker

This project implements a GitLab CI/CD template to build, check and inspect your containers with Docker.

Usage

This template can be used both as a CI/CD component or using the legacy include:project syntax.

Use as a CI/CD component

Add the following to your gitlab-ci.yml:

include:
  # 1: include the component
  - component: gitlab.com/to-be-continuous/docker/gitlab-ci-docker@5.11.0
    # 2: set/override component inputs
    inputs:
      build-tool: buildah # ⚠ this is only an example

Use as a CI/CD template (legacy)

Add the following to your gitlab-ci.yml:

include:
  # 1: include the template
  - project: 'to-be-continuous/docker'
    ref: '5.11.0'
    file: '/templates/gitlab-ci-docker.yml'

variables:
  # 2: set/override template variables
  DOCKER_BUILD_TOOL: buildah # ⚠ this is only an example

Understanding the Docker template

The template supports following ways of building container images:

  1. The former Docker-in-Docker (DinD) technique, that was widely used for years because of no other alternative, but that is now commonly recognized to have significant security issues (read this post for more info),
  2. Or using kaniko, an open-source, daemonless tool from Google for building Docker images, and that solves Docker-in-Docker security issues (and also speeds-up build times).
  3. Or using buildah, an open-source, daemonless tool backed by RedHat for building Docker images, and that solves Docker-in-Docker security issues (and also speeds-up build times), and can also be configured to run rootless.

By default, the template uses the kaniko way, but you may select an alternate build tool by using the DOCKER_BUILD_TOOL variable (see below).

⚠ If you choose to use 'Docker-in-Docker' option considering the associated security risks, make sure your runner has required privileges to run Docker-in-Docker (see GitLab doc).

Global variables

The Docker template uses some global configuration used throughout all jobs.

Input / Variable Description Default value
build-tool / DOCKER_BUILD_TOOL The build tool to use for building container image, possible values are kaniko, buildah or dind kaniko
kaniko-image / DOCKER_KANIKO_IMAGE The image used to run kaniko - for kaniko build only gcr.io/kaniko-project/executor:debug (use debug images for GitLab)
buildah-image / DOCKER_BUILDAH_IMAGE The image used to run buildah - for buildah build only quay.io/buildah/stable
image / DOCKER_IMAGE The Docker image used to run the docker client (see full list) - for Docker-in-Docker build only registry.hub.docker.com/library/docker:latest
dind-image / DOCKER_DIND_IMAGE The Docker image used to run the Docker daemon (see full list) - for Docker-in-Docker build only registry.hub.docker.com/library/docker:dind
file / DOCKER_FILE The path to your Dockerfile Dockerfile
context-path / DOCKER_CONTEXT_PATH The Docker context path (working directory) none only set if you want a context path different from the Dockerfile location

In addition to this, the template supports standard Linux proxy variables:

Input / Variable Description Default value
http_proxy Proxy used for http requests none
https_proxy Proxy used for https requests none
no_proxy List of comma-separated hosts/host suffixes none

Images

For each Dockerfile, the template builds an image that may be pushed as two distinct images, depending on a certain workflow:

  1. snapshot: the image is first built from the Dockerfile and then pushed to some Docker registry as the snapshot image. It can be seen as the raw result of the build, but still untested and unreliable.
  2. release: once the snapshot image has been thoroughly tested (both by package-test stage jobs and/or acceptance stage jobs after being deployed to some server), then the image is pushed one more time as the release image. This second push can be seen as the promotion of the snapshot image being now tested and reliable.

In practice:

  • the snapshot image is always pushed by the template (pipeline triggered by a Git tag or commit on any branch),
  • the release image is only pushed:
    • on a pipeline triggered by a Git tag,
    • on a pipeline triggered by a Git commit on master.

The snapshot and release images are defined by the following variables:

Input / Variable Description Default value
snapshot-image / DOCKER_SNAPSHOT_IMAGE Docker snapshot image $CI_REGISTRY_IMAGE/snapshot:$CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG
release-image / DOCKER_RELEASE_IMAGE Docker release image $CI_REGISTRY_IMAGE:$CI_COMMIT_REF_NAME

As you can see, the Docker template is configured by default to use the GitLab container registry. You may perfectly override this and use another Docker registry, but be aware of a few things:

  • the DOCKER_SNAPSHOT_IMAGE requires a Docker registry that allows tag overwrite,
  • the DOCKER_RELEASE_IMAGE may use a Docker registry that doesn't allow tag overwrite, but:
    1. you should avoid overwriting a Git tag (at it will obviously fail while trying to (re)push the Docker image),
    2. you have to deactivate publish on main (or master) branch by setting the $DOCKER_PROD_PUBLISH_STRATEGY variable to none (as it would lead to the main tag being overwritten).

Registries and credentials

As seen in the previous chapter, the Docker template uses by default the GitLab registry to push snapshot and release images. Thus it makes use of credentials provided by GitLab itself to login (CI_REGISTRY_USER / CI_REGISTRY_PASSWORD).

But when using other registry(ies), you'll have also to configure appropriate Docker credentials.

Using the same registry for snapshot and release

If you use the same registry for both snapshot and release images, you shall use the following configuration

variables:

Input / Variable Description
🔒 DOCKER_REGISTRY_USER Docker registry username for image registry
🔒 DOCKER_REGISTRY_PASSWORD Docker registry password for image registry

Using different registries for snapshot and release

If you use different registries for snapshot and release images, you shall use separate configuration variables:

Input / Variable Description
🔒 DOCKER_REGISTRY_SNAPSHOT_USER Docker registry username for snapshot image registry
🔒 DOCKER_REGISTRY_SNAPSHOT_PASSWORD Docker registry password for snapshot image registry
🔒 DOCKER_REGISTRY_RELEASE_USER Docker registry username for release image registry
🔒 DOCKER_REGISTRY_RELEASE_PASSWORD Docker registry password for release image registry

Setting your own Docker configuration file (advanced)

There might be cases where you need to provide the complete Docker configuration file:

  • need to declare authentication credentials for other registries than the 2 predefined ones (snapshot & release),
  • need to declare a credentials store (ex: in order to publish to Amazon ECR with Kaniko for instance),
  • need to declare proxies,
  • ...

If you are in one of those cases, you will need to use the DOCKER_CONFIG_FILE variable, expected to declare the path to your custom Docker configuration file (JSON). You may:

  • leave the default value (.docker/config.json) or override it to some alternate location in your project repository and create the file without any secret in it using our dynamic variables replacement (see below),
  • or override it as a GitLab project variable of type File, possibly inlining your secret credentials in it.
Input / Variable Description Default value
config-file / DOCKER_CONFIG_FILE Path to the Docker configuration file (JSON) .docker/config.json

Moreover, this file supports dynamic environment variables replacement. That means it may contain references to other environment variables (in the format ${variable_name}) that will be dynamically replaced by the template before evaluation. In addition to you own defined variables, you may use the following variables (provided and managed by the template):

  • ${docker_snapshot_authent_token}: the authentication token required by the snapshot registry (computed from configured DOCKER_REGISTRY_SNAPSHOT_USER / DOCKER_REGISTRY_SNAPSHOT_PASSWORD variables)
  • ${docker_snapshot_registry_host}: the snapshot registry host (based on the configured DOCKER_SNAPSHOT_IMAGE variable)
  • ${docker_release_authent_token}: the authentication token required by the release registry (computed from configured DOCKER_REGISTRY_RELEASE_USER / DOCKER_REGISTRY_RELEASE_PASSWORD variables)
  • ${docker_release_registry_host}: the release registry host (based on the configured DOCKER_RELEASE_IMAGE variable)

Example 1: Docker configuration file inlined in the project repository (.docker/config.json) with dynamic variables replacement:

{
    "auths": {
        "${docker_snapshot_registry_host}": {
            "auth": "${docker_release_authent_token}"
        },
        "${docker_release_registry_host}": {
            "auth": "${docker_snapshot_authent_token}"
        },
        "my-readonly-repo-to-pull": {
            "auth": "${MY_OWN_REGISTRY_TOKEN}"
        }
    }
}

This file uses:

  • template-managed ${docker_snapshot_authent_token}, ${docker_snapshot_registry_host}, ${docker_release_authent_token} and ${docker_release_registry_host} variables,
  • the user-defined ${MY_OWN_REGISTRY_TOKEN} (ℹ an authentication token can be obtained with command echo "user:password" | base64 and then be stored as a masked GitLab CI/CD project variable).

Example 2: Docker configuration file declared as a GitLab project variable of type File with dynamic variables replacement:

{
    "auths": {
        "$${docker_snapshot_registry_host}": {
            "auth": "$${docker_release_authent_token}"
        },
        "$${docker_release_registry_host}": {
            "auth": "$${docker_snapshot_authent_token}"
        },
        "my-readonly-repo-to-pull": {
            "auth": "ZG9ja2VyZHVkZTpnb3RjaGEh"
        }
    }
}

This file uses:

  • template-managed ${docker_snapshot_authent_token}, ${docker_snapshot_registry_host}, ${docker_release_authent_token} and ${docker_release_registry_host} variables (⚠ mind the double $$ to prevent GitLab from trying to evaluate the variable),
  • the user-defined authentication may be inlined as a GitLab project variable is a place safe enough to store secrets.

Multi Dockerfile support

This template supports building multiple Docker images from a single Git repository.

You can define the images to build using the parallel matrix jobs pattern inside the .docker-base job (this is the top parent job of all Docker template jobs).

Since each job in the template extends this base job, the pipeline will produce one job instance per image to build. You can independently configure each instance of these jobs by redefining the variables described throughout this documentation.

For example, if you want to build two Docker images, you must specify where the Dockerfiles are located and where the resulting images will be stored. You can do so by adding a patch to the .docker-base job in your .gitlab-ci.yml file so that it looks like this:

.docker-base:
  parallel:
    matrix:
    - DOCKER_FILE: "front/Dockerfile"
      DOCKER_SNAPSHOT_IMAGE: "$CI_REGISTRY_IMAGE/front:$CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG"
      DOCKER_RELEASE_IMAGE: "$CI_REGISTRY_IMAGE/front:$CI_COMMIT_REF_NAME"
    - DOCKER_FILE: "back/Dockerfile"
      DOCKER_SNAPSHOT_IMAGE: "$CI_REGISTRY_IMAGE/back:$CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG"
      DOCKER_RELEASE_IMAGE: "$CI_REGISTRY_IMAGE/back:$CI_COMMIT_REF_NAME"

If you need to redefine a variable with the same value for all your Dockerfiles, you can just declare this variable as a global variable. For example, if you want to build all your images using buildah, you can simply define the DOCKER_BUILD_TOOL variable as a global variable with value buildah:

variables:
  DOCKER_BUILD_TOOL: "buildah"

Secrets management

Here are some advices about your secrets (variables marked with a 🔒):

  1. Manage them as project or group CI/CD variables:
    • masked to prevent them from being inadvertently displayed in your job logs,
    • protected if you want to secure some secrets you don't want everyone in the project to have access to (for instance production secrets).
  2. In case a secret contains characters that prevent it from being masked, simply define its value as the Base64 encoded value prefixed with @b64@: it will then be possible to mask it and the template will automatically decode it prior to using it.
  3. Don't forget to escape special characters (ex: $ -> $$).

Jobs

docker-hadolint job

This job performs a Lint on your Dockerfile.

It is bound to the build stage, and uses the following variables:

Input / Variable Description Default value
hadolint-disabled / DOCKER_HADOLINT_DISABLED Set to true to disable Hadolint (none: enabled by default)
hadolint-image / DOCKER_HADOLINT_IMAGE The Hadolint image registry.hub.docker.com/hadolint/hadolint:latest-alpine
hadolint-args / DOCKER_HADOLINT_ARGS Additional hadolint arguments (none)

In case you have to disable some rules, either add --ignore XXXX to the DOCKER_HADOLINT_ARGS variable or create a Hadolint configuration file named hadolint.yaml at the root of your repository.

You can also use inline ignores in your Dockerfile:

# hadolint ignore=DL3006
FROM ubuntu

# hadolint ignore=DL3003,SC1035
RUN cd /tmp && echo "hello!"

In addition to a textual report in the console, this job produces the following reports, kept for one day:

Report Format Usage
reports/docker-hadolint-*.native.json native hadolint test report (json) DefectDojo integration
This report is generated only if DefectDojo template is detected
reports/docker-hadolint-*.codeclimate.json hadolint (GitLab) codeclimate format GitLab integration

docker-*-build jobs

This job builds the image and publishes it to the snapshot repository.

It is bound to the package-build stage, and uses the following variables:

Input / Variable Description Default value
build-args / DOCKER_BUILD_ARGS Additional docker/kaniko/buildah build arguments (none)
registry-mirror / DOCKER_REGISTRY_MIRROR URL of a Docker registry mirror to use during the image build (instead of default https://index.docker.io)
⚠ Used by the kaniko and dind options only
(none)
container-registries-config-file / CONTAINER_REGISTRIES_CONFIG_FILE The registries.conf configuration to be used
⚠ Used by the buildah build only
(none)
metadata / DOCKER_METADATA Additional docker build/kaniko arguments to set label OCI Image Format Specification
kaniko-snapshot-image-cache / KANIKO_SNAPSHOT_IMAGE_CACHE Snapshot image repository that will be used to store cached layers (leave empty to use default: snapshot image repository + /cache)
⚠ Used by the kaniko build only
none (default cache path)
build-cache-disabled / DOCKER_BUILD_CACHE_DISABLED Set to true to disable the build cache.
Cache can typically be disabled when there is a network latency between the container registry and the runner.
none (i.e cache enabled)

This job produces output variables that are propagated to downstream jobs (using dotenv artifacts):

Input / Variable Description Example
docker_image snapshot image name with tag registry.gitlab.com/acme/website/snapshot:main
docker_image_digest snapshot image name with digest (no tag) registry.gitlab.com/acme/website/snapshot@sha256:b7914a91...
docker_repository snapshot image bare repository (no tag nor digest) registry.gitlab.com/acme/website/snapshot
docker_tag snapshot image tag main
docker_digest snapshot image digest sha256:b7914a91...

They may be freely used in downstream jobs (for instance to deploy the upstream built Docker image, whatever the branch or tag).

If you want to use GitLab CI variables or any other variable in your Dockerfile, you can add them to DOCKER_BUILD_ARGS like so:

DOCKER_BUILD_ARGS: "--build-arg CI_PROJECT_URL --build-arg MY_VAR='MY_VALUE'"

These variables will then be available for use in your Dockerfile:

FROM scratch

ARG CI_PROJECT_URL
ARG MY_VAR
LABEL name="my-project"                   \
      description="My Project: $MY_VAR"   \
      url=$CI_PROJECT_URL                 \
      maintainer="my-project@acme.com"

Default value for DOCKER_METADATA supports a subset of the OCI Image Format Specification for labels and use GitLab CI pre-defined variables to guess the value as follow :

Label GitLab CI pre-defined variable
org.opencontainers.image.url $CI_PROJECT_URL
org.opencontainers.image.source $CI_PROJECT_URL
org.opencontainers.image.title $CI_PROJECT_PATH
org.opencontainers.image.ref.name $CI_COMMIT_REF_NAME
org.opencontainers.image.revision $CI_COMMIT_SHA
org.opencontainers.image.created $CI_JOB_STARTED_AT

Note that spaces are currently not supported by Kaniko. Therefore, title couldn't be CI_PROJECT_TITLE.

You may disable this feature by setting DOCKER_METADATA to empty or you can override some of the pre-defined label value with the DOCKER_BUILD_ARGS.

DOCKER_BUILD_ARGS: "--label org.opencontainers.image.title=my-project"

If you have defined one of those labels in the Dockerfile, the final value will depend if image is built with Kaniko or Docker in Docker. With Kaniko, the value of the Dockerfile take precedence, while with DinD command-line argument take precedence.

docker-healthcheck job

⚠ this job requires that your runner has required privileges to run Docker-in-Docker. If it is not the case this job will not be run.

This job performs a Health Check on your built image.

It is bound to the package-test stage, and uses the following variables:

Input / Variable Description Default value
healthcheck-disabled / DOCKER_HEALTHCHECK_DISABLED Set to true to disable health check (none: enabled by default)
healthcheck-timeout / DOCKER_HEALTHCHECK_TIMEOUT When testing a Docker Health (test stage), how long (in seconds) wait for the HealthCheck status 60
healthcheck-options / DOCKER_HEALTHCHECK_OPTIONS Docker options for health check such as port mapping, environment... (none)
healthcheck-container-args / DOCKER_HEALTHCHECK_CONTAINER_ARGS Set arguments sent to the running container for health check (none)

In case your Docker image is not intended to run as a service and only contains a client tool (like curl, Ansible, ...) you can test it by overriding the Health Check Job. See this example.

⚠ Keep in mind that the downloading of the snapshot image by the GitLab runner will be done during the waiting time (max DOCKER_HEALTHCHECK_TIMEOUT). In case your image takes quite some time to be downloaded by the runner, increase the value of DOCKER_HEALTHCHECK_TIMEOUT in your .gitlab-ci.yml file.

docker-trivy job

This job performs a Vulnerability Static Analysis with Trivy on your built image.

Without any configuration Trivy will run in standalone mode.

If you want to run Trivy in client/server mode, you need to set the DOCKER_TRIVY_ADDR environment variable.

variables:
  DOCKER_TRIVY_ADDR: "https://trivy.acme.host"

It is bound to the package-test stage, and uses the following variables:

Input / Variable Description Default value
trivy-image / DOCKER_TRIVY_IMAGE The docker image used to scan images with Trivy registry.hub.docker.com/aquasec/trivy:latest
trivy-addr / DOCKER_TRIVY_ADDR The Trivy server address (for client/server mode) (none: standalone mode)
trivy-security-level-threshold / DOCKER_TRIVY_SECURITY_LEVEL_THRESHOLD Severities of vulnerabilities to be displayed (comma separated values: UNKNOWN, LOW, MEDIUM, HIGH, CRITICAL) UNKNOWN,LOW,MEDIUM,HIGH,CRITICAL
trivy-disabled / DOCKER_TRIVY_DISABLED Set to true to disable Trivy analysis (none)
trivy-args / DOCKER_TRIVY_ARGS Additional trivy client arguments --ignore-unfixed --vuln-type os
trivy-db-repository / DOCKER_TRIVY_DB_REPOSITORY OCI repository to retrieve Trivy Database from none (use Trivy default ghcr.io/aquasecurity/trivy-db)
trivy-java-db-repository / DOCKER_TRIVY_JAVA_DB_REPOSITORY OCI repository to retrieve Trivy Java Database from none (use Trivy default ghcr.io/aquasecurity/trivy-java-db:1)_

In addition to a textual report in the console, this job produces the following reports, kept for one day:

Report Format Usage
reports/docker-trivy-*.native.json native Trivy report format (json) DefectDojo integration
This report is generated only if DefectDojo template is detected
reports/docker-trivy-*.gitlab.json Trivy report format for GitLab format GitLab integration

docker-sbom job

This job generates a SBOM file listing installed packages using syft.

It is bound to the package-test stage, and uses the following variables:

Input / Variable Description Default value
sbom-disabled / DOCKER_SBOM_DISABLED Set to true to disable this job none
sbom-image / DOCKER_SBOM_IMAGE The docker image used to emit SBOM registry.hub.docker.com/anchore/syft:debug
sbom-opts / DOCKER_SBOM_OPTS Options for syft used for SBOM analysis --override-default-catalogers rpm-db-cataloger,alpm-db-cataloger,apk-db-cataloger,dpkg-db-cataloger,portage-cataloger

docker-publish job

This job pushes (promotes) the built image as the release image skopeo.

Input / Variable Description Default value
skopeo-image / DOCKER_SKOPEO_IMAGE The Docker image used to run skopeo quay.io/skopeo/stable:latest
publish-args / DOCKER_PUBLISH_ARGS Additional skopeo copy arguments (none)
prod-publish-strategy / DOCKER_PROD_PUBLISH_STRATEGY Defines the publish to production strategy. One of manual (i.e. one-click), auto or none (disabled). manual
release-extra-tags-pattern / DOCKER_RELEASE_EXTRA_TAGS_PATTERN Defines the image tag pattern that $DOCKER_RELEASE_IMAGE should match to push extra tags (supports capturing groups - see below) ^v?(?P<major>[0-9]+)\\.(?P<minor>[0-9]+)\\.(?P<patch>[0-9]+)(?P<suffix>(?P<prerelease>-[0-9A-Za-z-\\.]+)?(?P<build>\\+[0-9A-Za-z-\\.]+)?)$ (SemVer pattern)
release-extra-tags / DOCKER_RELEASE_EXTRA_TAGS Defines extra tags to publish the release image (supports capturing group references from $DOCKER_RELEASE_EXTRA_TAGS_PATTERN - see below) (none)
semrel-release-disabled / DOCKER_SEMREL_RELEASE_DISABLED Set to true to disable semantic-release integration none (enabled)

This job produces output variables that are propagated to downstream jobs (using dotenv artifacts):

Input / Variable Description Example
docker_image release image name with tag registry.gitlab.com/acme/website:main
docker_image_digest release image name with digest (no tag) registry.gitlab.com/acme/website@sha256:b7914a91...
docker_repository release image bare repository (no tag nor digest) registry.gitlab.com/acme/website
docker_tag release image tag main
docker_digest release image digest sha256:b7914a91...

They may be freely used in downstream jobs (for instance to deploy the upstream built Docker image, whatever the branch or tag).

Using extra tags

When publishing the release image, the Docker template might publish it again with additional tags (aliases):

  • the original published image tag (extracted from $DOCKER_RELEASE_IMAGE) must match $DOCKER_RELEASE_EXTRA_TAGS_PATTERN (semantic versioning pattern by default),
  • extra tags to publish can be defined in the $DOCKER_RELEASE_EXTRA_TAGS variable, each separated with a whitespace.

ℹ the Docker template supports group references substitution to evaluate extra tags:

  • $DOCKER_RELEASE_EXTRA_TAGS_PATTERN supports capturing groups:
    • v([0-9]+)\.([0-9]+)\.([0-9]+) has 3 (unnamed) capturing groups, each capturing any number of digits
    • v(?<major>[0-9]+)\.(?<minor>[0-9]+)\.(?<patch>[0-9]+) has 3 named capturing groups (major, minor and patch), each capturing any number of digits
  • $DOCKER_RELEASE_EXTRA_TAGS supports capturing group references from $DOCKER_RELEASE_EXTRA_TAGS_PATTERN:
    • \g1 is a reference to capturing group number 1
    • \g<major> is a reference to capturing group named major

ℹ the default value of $DOCKER_RELEASE_EXTRA_TAGS_PATTERN matches and captures all parts of a standard semantic versioning-compliant tag:

  • the major group captures the major version
  • the minor group captures the minor version
  • the patch group captures the patch version
  • the prerelease group captures the (optional) pre-release version (including the leading -)
  • the build group captures the (optional) build version (including the leading +)
  • the suffix group captures the (optional) entire suffix (including pre-release and/or build)

Example: publish latest, major.minor and major aliases for a SemVer release:

variables:
  # ⚠ don't forget to escape backslash character in yaml
  DOCKER_RELEASE_EXTRA_TAGS: "latest \\g<major>.\\g<minor>\\g<build> \\g<major>\\g<build>"

With this contiguration, the following extra tags would be published:

original tag extra tags
main none (doesn't match $DOCKER_RELEASE_EXTRA_TAGS_PATTERN)
some-manual-tag none (doesn't match $DOCKER_RELEASE_EXTRA_TAGS_PATTERN)
1.2.3 latest, 1.2, 1
1.2.3-alpha.12 latest, 1.2, 1
1.2.3+linux latest, 1.2+linux, 1+linux
1.2.3-alpha.12+linux latest, 1.2+linux, 1+linux

semantic-release integration

If you activate the semantic-release-info job from the semantic-release template, the docker-publish job will rely on the generated next version info.

  • the release will only be performed if a semantic release is present
  • the tag will be based on SEMREL_INFO_NEXT_VERSION, it will override DOCKER_RELEASE_IMAGE by simply substituting the tag, or adding a tag when there's none.

For instance, in both cases:

DOCKER_RELEASE_IMAGE: "registry.gitlab.com/$CI_PROJECT_NAME"
DOCKER_RELEASE_IMAGE: "registry.gitlab.com/$CI_PROJECT_NAME:$CI_COMMIT_REF_NAME"
The published Docker image will be registry.gitlab.com/$CI_PROJECT_NAME:$SEMREL_INFO_NEXT_VERSION and all subsequent jobs relying on the docker_image variable will be provided with this tag.

⚠ When semantic-release detects no release (i.e. either the semantic-release template is misconfigured, or there were simply no feat/fix commits), the docker-publish job will report a warning and no image will be pushed in the release registry. In such a case, the docker_image remains unchanged, and will refer to the snapshot image. Any subsequent job that may deploy to production (Kubernetes or Openshift), should thus be configured not to deploy in this situation. Refer to deployment template for more information.

Finally, the semantic-release integration can be disabled with the DOCKER_SEMREL_RELEASE_DISABLED variable.

Examples

Using the GitLab Docker registry

This sample is the easiest one as you just have nothing to do.

All template variables are configured by default to build and push your Docker images on the GitLab registry.

Using an external Docker registry

With this template, you may perfectly use an external Docker registry (ex: a JFrog Artifactory, a private Kubernetes registry, ...).

Here is a .gitlab-ci.yaml using an external Docker registry:

include:
  - component: gitlab.com/to-be-continuous/docker/gitlab-ci-docker@5.7.0
    inputs:
      snapshot-image: "registry.acme.host/$CI_PROJECT_NAME/snapshot:$CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG"
      release-image: "registry.acme.host/$CI_PROJECT_NAME:$CI_COMMIT_REF_NAME"
      # $DOCKER_REGISTRY_USER and $DOCKER_REGISTRY_PASSWORD are defined as secret GitLab variables

Depending on the Docker registry you're using, you may have to use a real password or generate a token as authentication credential.

Building multiple Docker images

Here is a .gitlab-ci.yaml that builds 2 Docker images from the same project (uses parallel matrix jobs):

include:
  - component: gitlab.com/to-be-continuous/docker/gitlab-ci-docker@5.7.0

.docker-base:
  parallel:
    matrix:
    - DOCKER_FILE: "front/Dockerfile"
      DOCKER_SNAPSHOT_IMAGE: "$CI_REGISTRY_IMAGE/front/snapshot:$CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG"
      DOCKER_RELEASE_IMAGE: "$CI_REGISTRY_IMAGE/front:$CI_COMMIT_REF_NAME"
    - DOCKER_FILE: "back/Dockerfile"
      DOCKER_SNAPSHOT_IMAGE: "$CI_REGISTRY_IMAGE/back/snapshot:$CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG"
      DOCKER_RELEASE_IMAGE: "$CI_REGISTRY_IMAGE/back:$CI_COMMIT_REF_NAME"

Variants

The Docker template can be used in conjunction with template variants to cover specific cases.

Vault variant

This variant allows delegating your secrets management to a Vault server.

Configuration

In order to be able to communicate with the Vault server, the variant requires the additional configuration parameters:

Input / Variable Description Default value
TBC_VAULT_IMAGE The Vault Secrets Provider image to use (can be overridden) registry.gitlab.com/to-be-continuous/tools/vault-secrets-provider:latest
vault-base-url / VAULT_BASE_URL The Vault server base API url none
vault-oidc-aud / VAULT_OIDC_AUD The aud claim for the JWT $CI_SERVER_URL
🔒 VAULT_ROLE_ID The AppRole RoleID must be defined
🔒 VAULT_SECRET_ID The AppRole SecretID must be defined

Usage

Then you may retrieve any of your secret(s) from Vault using the following syntax:

@url@http://vault-secrets-provider/api/secrets/{secret_path}?field={field}

With:

Parameter Description
secret_path (path parameter) this is your secret location in the Vault server
field (query parameter) parameter to access a single basic field from the secret JSON payload

Example

include:
  # main template
  - component: gitlab.com/to-be-continuous/docker/gitlab-ci-docker@5.7.0
  # Vault variant
  - component: gitlab.com/to-be-continuous/docker/gitlab-ci-docker-vault@5.7.0
    inputs:
      # audience claim for JWT
      vault-oidc-aud: "https://vault.acme.host"
      vault-base-url: "https://vault.acme.host/v1"
      # $VAULT_ROLE_ID and $VAULT_SECRET_ID defined as a secret CI/CD variable

variables:
  # Secrets managed by Vault
  DOCKER_REGISTRY_SNAPSHOT_USER: "@url@http://vault-secrets-provider/api/secrets/b7ecb6ebabc231/artifactory/snapshot/credentials?field=user"
  DOCKER_REGISTRY_SNAPSHOT_PASSWORD: "@url@http://vault-secrets-provider/api/secrets/b7ecb6ebabc231/artifactory/snapshot/credentials?field=token"
  DOCKER_REGISTRY_RELEASE_USER: "@url@http://vault-secrets-provider/api/secrets/b7ecb6ebabc231/artifactory/release/credentials?field=user"
  DOCKER_REGISTRY_RELEASE_PASSWORD: "@url@http://vault-secrets-provider/api/secrets/b7ecb6ebabc231/artifactory/release/credentials?field=token"

Google Cloud variant

This variant allows publishing your container images to Google Cloud's Artifact Registry.

⚠ this template doesn't support Google Cloud's Container Registry that is deprecated and whose support will be discontinued in May 2024.

List of requirements before using this variant for publishing your container images:

  1. You must have a Docker repository in Artifact Registry,
  2. You must have a Workload Identity Federation Pool,
  3. You must have a Service Account with enough permissions to push to your Artifact Registry repository.

Configuration

Input / Variable Description Default value
TBC_GCP_PROVIDER_IMAGE The GCP Auth Provider image to use (can be overridden) registry.gitlab.com/to-be-continuous/tools/gcp-auth-provider:latest
gcp-oidc-aud / GCP_OIDC_AUD The aud claim for the JWT token $CI_SERVER_URL
gcp-oidc-provider / GCP_OIDC_PROVIDER Default Workload Identity Provider associated with GitLab to authenticate with OpenID Connect none
gcp-oidc-account / GCP_OIDC_ACCOUNT Default Service Account to which impersonate with OpenID Connect authentication none
gcp-snapshot-oidc-provider / GCP_SNAPSHOT_OIDC_PROVIDER Workload Identity Provider to push the snapshot image (only define to override default) none
gcp-snapshot-oidc-account / GCP_SNAPSHOT_OIDC_ACCOUNT Service Account to use to push the snapshot image (only define to override default) none
gcp-release-oidc-provider / GCP_RELEASE_OIDC_PROVIDER Workload Identity Provider to push the release image (only define to override default) none
gcp-release-oidc-account / GCP_RELEASE_OIDC_ACCOUNT Service Account to use to push the release image (only define to override default) none

⚠ if using Kaniko, don't forget to either create the cache repository (snapshot image repository + /cache) or override $KANIKO_SNAPSHOT_IMAGE_CACHE to use the snapshot image repository (will host your snapshot image as well as cached layers).

Example

include:
  - component: gitlab.com/to-be-continuous/docker/gitlab-ci-docker@5.7.0
    inputs:
      build-tool: "kaniko" # Only Kaniko has been proved to work for this use case YET
      # untested & unverified container image
      snapshot-image: "{GCP_REGION}-docker.pkg.dev/{GCP_PROJECT_ID}/{YOUR_REPOSITORY}/{YOUR_IMAGE_NAME}/snapshot:$CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG"
      # ⚠ don't forget to create the '{GCP_REGION}-docker.pkg.dev/{GCP_PROJECT_ID}/{YOUR_REPOSITORY}/{YOUR_IMAGE_NAME}/snapshot/cache' repo for Kaniko
      # validated container image (published)
      release-image: "{GCP_REGION}-docker.pkg.dev/{GCP_PROJECT_ID}/{YOUR_REPOSITORY}/{YOUR_IMAGE_NAME}:$CI_COMMIT_REF_NAME"
  - component: gitlab.com/to-be-continuous/docker/gitlab-ci-docker-gcp@5.7.0
    inputs:
      # default WIF provider
      gcp-oidc-provider: "projects/{GCP_PROJECT_NUMBER}/locations/global/workloadIdentityPools/{YOUR_WIF_POOL_NAME}/providers/gitlab-diod"
      # default GCP Service Account
      gcp-oidc-account: "{YOUR_REGISTRY_SA}@{GCP_PROJECT_ID}.iam.gserviceaccount.com"
      # WIF provider for snapshot images
      gcp-snapshot-oidc-provider: "projects/{GCP_PROJECT_NUMBER}/locations/global/workloadIdentityPools/{YOUR_WIF_POOL_NAME}/providers/gitlab-diod"
      # GCP Service Account for snapshot images
      gcp-snapshot-oidc-account: "{YOUR_REGISTRY_SA}@{GCP_PROJECT_ID}.iam.gserviceaccount.com"

Amazon Elastic Container Registry

This variant allows publishing your container images to Amazon's Elastic Container Registry.

It takes care of retrieving an ECR authorization token that will be used as a temporary credential to login to the ECR registry.

In order to use the AWS APIs, the variant supports two authentication methods:

  1. federated authentication using OpenID Connect (recommended method),
  2. or basic authentication with AWS access key ID & secret access key.

⚠ when using this variant, you must have created the ECR repositories to push the snapshot and/or the release images.

Configuration

Input / Variable Description Default value
TBC_AWS_PROVIDER_IMAGE The AWS Auth Provider image to use (can be overridden) registry.gitlab.com/to-be-continuous/tools/aws-auth-provider:latest
aws-region / AWS_REGION Default region (where the ECR registry is located) none
aws-snapshot-region / AWS_SNAPSHOT_REGION Region of the ECR registry for the snapshot image (only define to override default) none
aws-release-region / AWS_RELEASE_REGION Region of the ECR registry for the release image (only define to override default) none

⚠ if using Kaniko, don't forget to either create the cache repository (snapshot image repository + /cache) or override $KANIKO_SNAPSHOT_IMAGE_CACHE to use the snapshot image repository (will host your snapshot image as well as cached layers).

OIDC authentication config

This is the recommended authentication method. In order to use it, first carefuly follow GitLab's documentation, then set the required configuration.

Input / Variable Description Default value
aws-oidc-aud / AWS_OIDC_AUD The aud claim for the JWT token $CI_SERVER_URL
aws-oidc-role-arn / AWS_OIDC_ROLE_ARN Default IAM Role ARN associated with GitLab none
aws-snapshot-oidc-role-arn / AWS_SNAPSHOT_OIDC_ROLE_ARN IAM Role ARN associated with GitLab for the snapshot image (only define to override default) none
aws-release-oidc-role-arn / AWS_RELEASE_OIDC_ROLE_ARN IAM Role ARN associated with GitLab for the release image (only define to override default) none
Basic authentication config
Variable Description Default value
🔒 AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID Default access key ID none (disabled)
🔒 AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY Default secret access key none (disabled)
🔒 AWS_SNAPSHOT_ACCESS_KEY_ID Access key ID for the snapshot image (only define to override default) none
🔒 AWS_SNAPSHOT_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY Secret access key for the snapshot image (only define to override default) none
🔒 AWS_RELEASE_ACCESS_KEY_ID Access key ID for the release image (only define to override default) none
🔒 AWS_RELEASE_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY Secret access key for the release image (only define to override default) none

Example

include:
  - component: gitlab.com/to-be-continuous/docker/gitlab-ci-docker@5.7.0
    inputs:
      # untested & unverified container image
      snapshot-image: "123456789012.dkr.ecr.us-east-1.amazonaws.com/$CI_PROJECT_PATH_SLUG/snapshot:$CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG"
      # ⚠ don't forget to create the '123456789012.dkr.ecr.us-east-1.amazonaws.com/$CI_PROJECT_PATH/snapshot/cache' repo for Kaniko
      # validated container image (published)
      release-image: "123456789012.dkr.ecr.us-east-1.amazonaws.com/$CI_PROJECT_PATH_SLUG:$CI_COMMIT_REF_NAME"
  - component: gitlab.com/to-be-continuous/docker/gitlab-ci-docker-ecr@5.7.0
    inputs:
      # default Role ARN (using OIDC authentication method)
      aws-oidc-role-arn: "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/gitlab-ci"
      aws-region: "us-east-1"